Vinegar Increases Fat Loss and may not only be a tasty condiment, but it may also improve body composition. Vinegar contains acetic acid, the component believed to be responsible for most if not all of its health benefits. Acetic acid has been shown to prevent body fat gain in animal studies, and one particular human study examined the effects of consuming vinegar on obese subjects in the absence of a change in diet or exercise.
Each day for 12 weeks, the obese subjects were given either 15 mL of vinegar containing 750 mg of acetic acid, 30 mL of vinegar containing 1500 mg of acetic acid, or a placebo which contained no vinegar or acetic acid. At the end of the 12 weeks, both of the groups consuming vinegar daily had lost more body weight and visceral fat, and had a greaster decrease in waist measurement and serum triglyceride levels. From these effects, the researchers concluded that vinegar may be useful in the prevention of obesity.
12 weeks od a fairly short period of time, so to actually see changes in body composition during this time is definitely significant. It is unfortunate that the researchers did not measure variables relating to glucose metabolism, as this might very well have had something to do with the results seen. The results seen in lean people might not bee as significant as those seen in the obese subjects in this study, but nevertheless this is support for the use of vinegar in favorably modulating body composition by decreasing fat storage and/or increasing fat burning.
Kondo T, Kishi M, Fushimi T, Ugajin S, & Kaga T. (2009). Vinegar intake reduces body weight, body fat mass, and serum triglyceride levels in obese Japanese subjects. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry. 73(8), 1837-43.
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